(circa 400 B.C.)
I SWEAR in the presence of the Almighty and before my family, my teachers and my peers that according to my ability and judgment I will keep this Oath and Stipulation:
TO RECKON all who have taught me this art equally dear to me as my parents and in the same spirit and dedication to impart a knowledge of the art of medicine to others. I will continue with diligence to keep abreast of advances in medicine. I will treat without exception all who seek my ministrations, so long as the treatment of others is not compromised thereby, and I will seek the counsel of particularly skilled physicians where indicated for the benefit of my patient.
I WILL FOLLOW that method of treatment which according to my ability and judgment, I consider for the benefit of my patient and abstain from whatever is harmful or mischievous. I will neither prescribe nor administer a lethal dose of medicine to any patient even if asked nor counsel any such thing nor perform act or omission with direct intent deliberately to end a human life. I will maintain the utmost respect for every human life from fertilization to natural death and reject abortion that deliberately takes a unique human life.
WITH PURITY, HOLINESS AND BENEFICENCE I will pass my life and practice my art. Except for the prudent correction of an imminent danger, I will neither treat any patient nor carry out any research on any human being without the valid informed consent of the subject or the appropriate legal protector thereof, understanding that research must have as its purpose the furtherance of the health of that individual. Into whatever patient setting I enter, I will go for the benefit of the sick and will abstain from every voluntary act of mischief or corruption and further from the seduction of any patient.
WHATEVER IN CONNECTION with my professional practice or not in connection with it I may see or hear in the lives of my patients which ought not be spoken abroad I will not divulge, reckoning that all such should be kept secret.
WHILE I CONTINUE to keep this Oath unviolated may it be granted to me to enjoy life and the practice of the art and science of medicine with the blessing of the Almighty and respected by my peers and society, but should I trespass and violate this Oath, may the reverse be my lot.
*As adapted and endorsed by the undersigned. Institutional designation for identification purposes only. Copyright, 1995, Value of Life Committee, Inc. P.O. Box 35279; Brighton, MA 02135. Sponsors of 1995 Restatement of the Oath of Hippocrates E. Joanne Angelo, MD Boston, MA Henry G. Armitage, MD, FACS North Andover, MA Anne E. Bannon, MD St. Louis, MO Prof. Rabbi J. David Bleich, JD Cardozo Law School New York, NY Prof. Harold O.J. Brown, PhD Trinity Evangelical Divinity School Deerfield, IL Matthew Bulfin, MD, FACOG Lauderdale by the Sea, FL Paul A. Byrne, MD Sylvania, OH William Colliton, MD, FACOG Washington, D.C. Prof. John Jefferson Davis, PhD Gordon-Conwell Seminary South Hamilton, MA Prof. Patrick Derr, PhD Clark University Worcester, MA Eugene Diamond, MD, FAAP Chicago, IL Mark Druffner, MD Minneapolis, MN Prof. Arthur J. Dyck Cambridge, MA Richard Fenigsen, MD Cambridge, MA Albert E. Gunn, MD Houston, TX Curt Harris, MD, JD Oklahoma City, OK Gloria V. Heffernan, MD Fort Lauderdale, FL Helen Jackson, MD, FACOG Boston, MA Prof. C. Ward Kischer, PhD Tucson, AZ C. Everett Koop, MD Bethesda, MD Micheline Mathews-Roth, MD Boston, MA Prof. William May, PhD John Paul II Institute Washington, D.C. Assoc. Prof. Ralph Miech, MD, PhD Providence, RI Gertrude H. Murphy, MD, FAAP Weymouth, MA Prof. J. Robert Nelson Houston, TX Samuel Nigro, MD Cleveland Heights, OH Robert Nixon, MD, FACP Pittsboro, NC Prof. Edmund Pellegrino, M.D. Georgetown University Washington, D.C. Francis Rockett, MD, FACS Newton, MA Msgr. William Smith, STD Dunwoodie, NY Joseph R. Stanton, MD, FACP Needham, MA Leonie S. Watson, MD Evans, GA Richard A. Watson, MD Evans, GA John J.C. Wilke, MD Cincinnati, OH Prof. George H. Williams Cambridge, MA